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What is Python?

Guido Van Rossum developed Python, which saw its initial public release in 1991 as version 0.9. Since then, more than 25 versions of Python have been made available. Notably, versions 1.0 and 2.0 were introduced in January 1994, October 2000, and December 2008, respectively.


Python is a strong, open-source, high-level, Object-Oriented Programming Language that is widely used. It is used for creating websites, creating mathematical and scientific applications, etc.

Python has a big community of developers and offers top-notch library support which makes it simple to integrate desktop apps and online services. It is being utilised extensively in data science nowadays.


Features of Python


1. Coding is Easy

Learning Python is quite simple. Python has a relatively smooth learning curve. Python is incredibly simple to learn and use, and because indentation is used in Python code instead of curly brackets, it becomes easy for us to understand Python code.


2. Interpreted Language

Python is an interpreted language, which interprets code rather than turning it into machine instructions. It is one in which an interpreter (another programme that reads and executes instructions on behalf of the target machine rather than the target machine itself) reads and executes the instructions. Python is packed with an IDLE (Interactive Development Environment). It is nothing more than an interpreter that adheres to the Node.js style REPL (Read Evaluate Print Loop) structure. One line of Python code at a time is executed by IDLE, which then outputs it. As a result, when we run a line of Python code, it reports problems and shows the whole stack trace.


3. Open Source and Free

Python is an open-source programming language that is available for free download from the Python website. The Python code is continually being improved, thanks to contributions from the Python user’s community.


4. Large Standard Library

The extensive standard library support which Python provides to its users is one of the key characteristics that has made it so well-known in these modern times. Iterators, functions, operators, and many more packages with common and significant capabilities are part of this very extensive and diversified Python standard library support.


5. Object Oriented Programming Language

Structured programming, functional programming, and object-oriented programming are just a few of the programming paradigms that Python offers. The fact that Python's Object-Oriented methodology enables users to implement notions like encapsulation, inheritance, polymorphism, etc. is the most crucial aspect, though.


6. Platform Independent

Another fantastic Python feature is its platform independence capability. In other words, writing software in Python makes it possible for it to operate on a range of operating systems, including Windows, Mac, Linux, etc. 


7. Graphical User Interface Support

Python's ability to be used to develop GUIs is yet another fascinating aspect (Graphical User Interfaces). Tkinter, PyQt, wxPython, or Pyside are widely used for this purpose. In addition, Python has many different cross-platform solutions and GUI frameworks available for it. 



Python based Applications

With Python, a lot of applications can be created for different types of industries. Some of the important applications are listed below:

  • Web Applications
  • Software Development
  • Image Processing Apps
  • Machine Learning
  • Games Creation
  • CAD Applications
  • Web Scrapers
  • Desktop GUI based Applications
  • Operating Systems

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